When it comes to installing the central processing unit (CPU) of a computer, there are some tips that can make the process a bit easier and less intimidating for those doing it for the first time. One good place to start is to ensure that the CPU is compatible with the motherboard being used. This is not usually too major of an issue, as compatibility is fairly common, but it should still be considered. Beyond that, the person performing the CPU installation should be sure to work in as static-free an environment as possible and have the appropriate tools necessary, such as a small screwdriver, a heatsink, and silver contact if necessary.
CPU installation is the process of placing the CPU onto the motherboard in a way that ensures it is secure and properly ventilated from overheating. The first thing someone looking to install a CPU should do is ensure the CPU is compatible with the motherboard. Most modern motherboards and CPUs are fairly compatible, but it should still be considered to prevent frustration or wasted money.
A CPU should be handled carefully, to ensure that connector pins are not bent or damaged. While an industry “clean room” may not be necessary, an installer should try to keep his or her hands clean and avoid static charge buildups. This may be easiest if socks are not worn and CPU installation is performed at a table and not on carpet.
Actual physical installation of a CPU is typically fairly simple. A square socket on the motherboard will clearly show where the CPU should be installed, and there is usually an indicator of which direction it should go to ensure the pins fit properly. Many motherboards use a small lever that can be raised to allow CPU installation, then lowered to lock the CPU into place. An installer will probably not even need any tools, but a small screwdriver standing by can be a good idea for making adjustments in cramped spaces. CPU installation can also be easier for people with smaller hands, for dealing with confined spaces within a computer.
Once in place, a CPU will usually need some form of heatsink to draw heat away from the processor. In a water-cooled system, this heatsink will likely be placed directly onto the CPU during installation and may not require silver contact. For traditional heatsinks, a small dab of silver contact, which is often included with a purchased CPU or can be bought separately, will typically need to be placed between the CPU and the heatsink. This ensures that microscopic gaps between the CPU itself and the heatsink are bridged by the contact to make heat transference much more effective.