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Software programming is a process of designing, building, and testing computer applications. JUNIT is a framework designed for testing Java® programs. It allows developers to create reusable testing scripts for computer code. These scripts are typically stored and run against programs each time a program is changed to ensure the code is working properly.
Unit testing is special type of software testing. Each module in a software application has specific requirements based on predefined inputs and outputs. Unit testing is completed by the developer of a specific module and is considered a unit. Each unit test is scripted by the developer and tested before it becomes integrated into the application. The JUNIT framework helps the developer create these unit tests by organizing the test scripts into files.
JUNIT provides tools for creating automated testing jobs that can run at specific intervals. This process can provide nightly reports to managers on the code quality that is produced by the developers. It can also be used to track the status of a software development project.
Implementing unit testing requires an understanding of basic testing principles. The development team should understand the rules and expectations for using this approach. These techniques can be added gradually by using small modules as a pilot test case. Once the team becomes familiar with the process, it can be added to all software changes.
JUNIT testing requires developers to create unit test scripts before writing any software code. This process comes from the principles of extreme programming. By writing testing scripts first, the code will include the criteria of the tests and be more likely to perform as expected.
The theory of UNIT testing has been used for decades in software development. JUNIT is a framework that is designed for Java® programs. It has a special application programming interface (API) that is specific for Java® programs.
The JUNIT API is freely available for download from the Internet. It was developed by Java® software engineers to improve productivity in unit testing. This API works easily with standard development and can improve the quality and performance of software development teams.