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What is Throughput?

Throughput is the rate at which a system achieves its intended task, often measured in units processed per time. It's a vital metric in manufacturing, computing, and service industries, reflecting efficiency and productivity. Understanding throughput can unlock performance insights and drive improvements. How might enhancing throughput transform your operations? Join us as we examine its impact on success.
A. Leverkuhn
A. Leverkuhn

Throughput is a term commonly used in a telecommunications or computer engineering environment. The term refers to the amount of successful data delivery over time within a specific digital setup. Some see throughput as “an average successful rate of message delivery” over a specific time period.

Throughput can be measured in electronic bits per second, where a bit is a standard unit of data in a digitized or computing format. It can also be measured in ‘data packets’ such as those used in wireless telecom industries. Although seconds are the traditional time unit used for estimating throughput, other time units can be used. This term can also be calculated through measuring the arrival and departure of data packets from one location to another.

Man holding computer
Man holding computer

Some engineers and others use the term to identify bandwidth consumption rates. Ethernet throughput would refer to the standard rate of data delivery over an ethernet connection. Network throughput would be a measurement of data delivery within an existing network. Looking at these kinds of estimates can be very valuable for improving data delivery, and thus increasing user speed in a network.

In the business world, some have started to apply the term to general business practices. In this definition, the idea that is applied is similar to the original meaning of the term. Instead of electronic data delivered per time unit, the measure for business success rates is simply the rate of success, i.e. sale, of a number of units of merchandise over a specific time unit.

The business use of the term often follows from an underlying fundamental business strategy that some call the ‘Theory of Constraints’. This kind of business engineering principle reduces a marketing situation to a few elements including inventory, sales rate, and chronology. Business leaders sometimes use the Theory of Constraints to boil down a marketing plan into simple pieces. Looking at 'sample success rates' can be part of this, where seeing general ‘success rates’ for sales according to specific parameters can help provide a realistic look at how business is going.

The use of "throughput" in a business sense is a good example of how metaphors can improve marketing process evaluation. Many marketers identify similar items as a simple tool that helps quantify results without creating an extensive variable set. However, the best consultants know that throughput is most often a small part of a greater business plan that includes "interpretive" results that respond to a sales success rate for a business.

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Discussion Comments


Can a throughput time be taken as lean metrics? If yes, please explain.


I was initially perplexed when a manager of mine added the word "throughput" several times in a presentation. I thought it was a typo for "throughout." Then I figured it out.


@SkyWhisperer - You didn’t say what kind of speeds you’re supposed to be getting. I have a small business and so I subscribe for the maximum package.

For me that means a WAN throughput of around 20 Mbs and that’s more than plenty for my purposes. If you’re a residential customer I don’t think you’ll be able to get that high, but I have seen some services advertising 12 Mbs per second. That’s considered the ultimate package for residential users.


@Charred - Now and then I run a throughput test on my Internet connection to see how fast it is. I know what my ISP says I’m getting, but I have cable and sometimes the network gets congested.

During those times, my test reveals that I’m operating at half or even a third of what I should be getting. I suppose I could switch to DSL but I don’t know if it would be any better. Everyone says cable is faster.


Well, that’s the first time that I’ve heard the term “throughput” in a marketing context. Technology is sure churning out a lot of business metaphors these days.

I prefer the term as it’s used in telecommunications. I worked in the telecommunications industry and we were constantly concerned with throughput on our T1s. We were always looking for ways to achieve maximum throughput on our existing infrastructure without having to upgrade to new hardware. It was the best way to achieve efficiency and maximize profits.

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