In computers, a backup (BUP) format is a universal file format that a multitude of devices from various manufacturers can recognize and use when digital video discs (DVDs) are unreadable on the first pass. There are several advantages of using the BUP format. The most important advantage of the BUP format is that most DVD players, whether they are a stand-alone DVD player, a computer, or a video game console, often look for and recognize this kind of format. It acts as a safety net for DVD media playback and it is not encrypted. The BUP format contains files that are essential in playing DVDs, and it can also be utilized in converting DVD content to other file formats.
This (BUP) file is commonly seen as a backup of information (IFO) files used on most DVDs. IFO is a DVD file that generally stores all the information that a DVD player needs in order to play the DVD. When a DVD player can't read the IFO file, it frequently looks for the file in BUP format to continue the DVD playback.
Most DVD software and hardware generally have the capability to read and, in some cases, write files in BUP format. Being a required file in every DVD, files in the BUP format often act as a safety net for DVD media playback. Many software applications that deal with DVD playback automatically generate BUP files. This gives users a benchmark for DVD playback software or DVD burning applications.
BUP files, like IFO files, are not encrypted. This means they have the advantage of being readable by even the simplest DVD software or hardware. Security may sometimes be an issue, but the main idea behind the existence of BUP files is backing up data and making it accessible to all media players and DVD players. Because BUP files are commonly used by DVD copying and burning software applications, it is often important that all of them can access and read the data within the BUP files.
Being an exact copy of its IFO file counterpart, the file in BUP format contains all essential information about a DVD. These include menus, tracks, chapters, scenes, and subtitles. This provides the DVD a redundancy that makes sure that even if the IFO is damaged or completely destroyed, there is still data that can be played.
These files in BUP format are also utilized more in converting DVD content to other file formats like Windows® media video (WMV) and audio video interleave (AVI). This is because the physical DVD disc part where the BUP resides is only used rarely. Barring unwanted scratches, it can be considered a smoother section of the DVD than the IFO section.