Fact Checked

What are the Different Types of Illegal Websites?

Jessica Ellis
Jessica Ellis
Jessica Ellis
Jessica Ellis

While the Internet can be a phenomenal tool for education and communications, it can also be a dangerous place. Illegal websites are domains that exist to promote or permit illegal activity, or those that go against regional laws or government restrictions. Not all websites have the same status in every region; certain areas may ban websites containing pornography, for instance, which is permissible in other areas.

Pornography websites are frequently the target of illegal website crackdowns. There are several ways in which a pornographic website may be deemed illegal, though many operate on a fully legal basis. First, if pornography or a type of pornography is banned by a country, the website may be illegal in that jurisdiction. Child pornography, for instance, is illegal throughout most of the world and subject to strict punishments for both creating the pornography and viewing or possessing it, such as through downloads. Second, if a website uses copyrighted material without getting the rights, it may deemed illegal and prosecuted for infringement.

Man holding computer
Man holding computer

Copyright infringement is another major factor in the creation of illegal websites. Books, movies, television shows, and images are all subject to copyright laws, meaning that the creator or his representatives have the sole right to issue copies. File sharing or bit torrent sites, which allow users to upload personal material and download other users' files, are frequent targets of shutdown and prosecution for infringement. These illegal websites may be difficult to discern from legal downloading sites, but generally legal sites rely on owner distribution, rather than peer-to-peer sharing, of files.

Fraudulent websites are also illegal websites that can quickly make victims out of unsuspecting users. These sites may sell fake products or offer fraudulent services, or be set up as a mirror site to a real website. The goal of most of these websites is to get users to enter personal information, such as bank account or credit card numbers, which can then be stolen and used. Phishing scams, which send out emails that appear legitimate asking a user to update his or her information with a company they have an account with, frequently create this type of website to trick the user into believing that his or her information is going to a trusted group instead of scamming thieves.

Website legality may depend entirely on the geographical location of the user. Generally, countries with less emphasis on freedom of information will have more strictures on what websites are permitted within their boundaries. In China, for example, some of the most popular websites in the world, including social networking sites, search engines, and video uploading sites, are banned by the government. This can cause complications for travelers who are surprised to find some of their favorite places deemed illegal websites, and can even lead to prosecution if access is somehow made to a site that is banned. Generally, access is difficult to obtain, as regional Internet providers will block the availability of illegal websites throughout their network.

Jessica Ellis
Jessica Ellis

With a B.A. in theater from UCLA and a graduate degree in screenwriting from the American Film Institute, Jessica is passionate about drama and film. She has many other interests, and enjoys learning and writing about a wide range of topics in her role as a EasyTechJunkie writer.

Jessica Ellis
Jessica Ellis

With a B.A. in theater from UCLA and a graduate degree in screenwriting from the American Film Institute, Jessica is passionate about drama and film. She has many other interests, and enjoys learning and writing about a wide range of topics in her role as a EasyTechJunkie writer.

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Discussion Comments


This is evidence there is no freedom in America. It is run by a bunch of fascist, racist elitists in this oligarchy. You cannot even promote what you want to promote. And yet there is a website that promotes white people dying (legally) and the same for black people. But god forbid I promote breaking the law, right? What a joke.


@anon970297: You poor thing. You stumbled right into a ransomware virus. Do *not* pay the organization money to "unlock" your computer. That will just give them your financial information. You'll have to do a system restore. But it will *not* let you do one from the control panel. You'll have to do it from a command prompt in safe mode.

Here's what to do: First, turn your computer off and restart it in safe mode with command prompt. When you see the command prompt, type in rstrui.exe and hit enter. Then choose a system restore point before you ran into the virus. The computer should restart and be all right.

After you have it restarted and up and running, then run every antivirus and anti-malware tool you've got. Get rid of anything that looks remotely suspicious.

Keep an eye on your computer for a week or so. If it does anything odd, run the AV and malware programs again.

My husband ran into one of these on a Reddit page. Stay off that site -- I'm serious. I did a system restore and it solved the problem. But God, those ransomware viruses are damned nasty. Good luck!

P.S. You didn't do anything wrong. You just ran into an infected page.


I was browsing the web and looking at protests, then I ended up on some site that looked like porn, but it was more – murder and all kinds of stuff. I didn't know if it was real, but then a homeland security page popped up and said my page had been blocked. It was something illegal, and I have no idea if it was real or not. I don't remember the name of the site. But, has anyone seen a homeland security type page pop up and lock the browser and say it is getting your information and such?


@deluxe77: Not unless you do it again, and often. This happens from time to time to lots of us, so I wouldn't worry about a simple mistake.

But then again, if you live in the US, then all bets are off. Get a good lawyer.


I accidentally entered a racist torture website. It wasn't a real website, just a link I clicked and redirected to my isp's search page. Is this bad, and/or will I get in trouble?

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