We are independent & ad-supported. We may earn a commission for purchases made through our links.
Advertiser Disclosure
Our website is an independent, advertising-supported platform. We provide our content free of charge to our readers, and to keep it that way, we rely on revenue generated through advertisements and affiliate partnerships. This means that when you click on certain links on our site and make a purchase, we may earn a commission. Learn more.
How We Make Money
We sustain our operations through affiliate commissions and advertising. If you click on an affiliate link and make a purchase, we may receive a commission from the merchant at no additional cost to you. We also display advertisements on our website, which help generate revenue to support our work and keep our content free for readers. Our editorial team operates independently of our advertising and affiliate partnerships to ensure that our content remains unbiased and focused on providing you with the best information and recommendations based on thorough research and honest evaluations. To remain transparent, we’ve provided a list of our current affiliate partners here.

What Is the Transmission Control Protocol?

M. McGee
By
Updated May 16, 2024
Our promise to you
EasyTechJunkie is dedicated to creating trustworthy, high-quality content that always prioritizes transparency, integrity, and inclusivity above all else. Our ensure that our content creation and review process includes rigorous fact-checking, evidence-based, and continual updates to ensure accuracy and reliability.

Our Promise to you

Founded in 2002, our company has been a trusted resource for readers seeking informative and engaging content. Our dedication to quality remains unwavering—and will never change. We follow a strict editorial policy, ensuring that our content is authored by highly qualified professionals and edited by subject matter experts. This guarantees that everything we publish is objective, accurate, and trustworthy.

Over the years, we've refined our approach to cover a wide range of topics, providing readers with reliable and practical advice to enhance their knowledge and skills. That's why millions of readers turn to us each year. Join us in celebrating the joy of learning, guided by standards you can trust.

Editorial Standards

At EasyTechJunkie, we are committed to creating content that you can trust. Our editorial process is designed to ensure that every piece of content we publish is accurate, reliable, and informative.

Our team of experienced writers and editors follows a strict set of guidelines to ensure the highest quality content. We conduct thorough research, fact-check all information, and rely on credible sources to back up our claims. Our content is reviewed by subject-matter experts to ensure accuracy and clarity.

We believe in transparency and maintain editorial independence from our advertisers. Our team does not receive direct compensation from advertisers, allowing us to create unbiased content that prioritizes your interests.

The transmission control protocol is one of the two protocols that make up the Internet connection suite. This protocol is combined with the Internet protocol to form the foundation of nearly all Internet traffic. These protocols are almost inseparable in use, relying completely on each other for proper functioning; as a result, the Internet connection suite is typically abbreviated as TCP/IP (transmission control protocol/Internet protocol). The transmission control protocol is responsible for the disassembling and reassembling of data, and the Internet protocol handles the routing and transmission.

Internet traffic is primarily made of up of small data bursts called packets. These packets contain information relating to the origin and destination of the data as well as some optional additional information. The packets are created and reassembled by the transmission control protocol and sent over the Internet by the Internet protocol.

To illustrate this process, say a document is moved from a remote computer to a local one. The computer receives the move command, and the Internet protocol determines how the document needs to move between the computers. The Internet protocol then asks the transmission control protocol to split the document up in a specific way. The TCP then divides up the document into packets, and the Internet protocol sends them out.

When the document packets arrive at the local computer, the TCP begins to reassemble them. It first checks to see if it has all of them and if they are in proper shape—if it needs replacements, it submits a request for the parts it needs and waits for them to arrive. After it gets all of the pieces, it reorders them in the proper sequence and assembles the document. It then sends it on to the Internet protocol, which informs the computer that the file has arrived.

These processes make up the vast majority of Internet usage. Programs like web browsers, email clients and file transfer systems use this basic back and forth process for every interaction. This unified system allows unrelated programs and systems to send information to one another without conversion. It is immaterial what operating system or program sent the information, as the control protocol actually did the work.

Since this is the basic cornerstone of the Internet, the protocol never changes very much. This allows systems backward compatibility over the Internet. Changes in protocols would cause older machines to permanently disconnect. Even without a common update, the system is so simple that it rarely requires any additional monitoring or attention.

EasyTechJunkie is dedicated to providing accurate and trustworthy information. We carefully select reputable sources and employ a rigorous fact-checking process to maintain the highest standards. To learn more about our commitment to accuracy, read our editorial process.
M. McGee
By M. McGee
Mark McGee is a skilled writer and communicator who excels in crafting content that resonates with diverse audiences. With a background in communication-related fields, he brings strong organizational and interpersonal skills to his writing, ensuring that his work is both informative and engaging.
Discussion Comments
M. McGee
M. McGee
Mark McGee is a skilled writer and communicator who excels in crafting content that resonates with diverse audiences....
Learn more
EasyTechJunkie, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.

EasyTechJunkie, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.